Factors such as smoking, stress, unhealthy diet, and pollution increase the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can damage body tissues and cells. This overproduction can cause damage to biomolecules (lipids, proteins, DNA), contributing to many chronic diseases like cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and cardiovascular disease.
So why Vitamin C?
Vitamin C is one of the most effective antioxidant as it contributes to ROS elimination.
Through this mechanism, vitamin C protects the body in different ways, such as
- Cancer at its route cause is a mutation in the genetic sequence. If DNA is damaged the number of mutations increases giving an increased risk of cancer. Because ROS is a contributor to DNA damage, ensuring ROS are kept at a low level with vitamin c can reduce the risk of DNA damage.
- Research has shown that vitamin C helps to protect the vascular endothelium (the circulatory system cell lining) by enhancing nitric oxide production and mopping up the excess ROS. Atherosclerosis occurs when an artery wall thickens as a consequence of accumulation of fatty substances, leading to cardiovascular disease. A lack of vitamin c can cause an over-production of ROS and reduced bio-availability of nitric oxide (which maintains vascular health), causing the symptoms associated with this disease.
- The immune system in autoimmune disorders is overcharged and attacks the body. Depending on the mechanism of the disease this increase in immune activity may also mean an increase in ROS which can cause disruption in the body’s normal function.
- Although the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease is not fully understood; it is thought that the oxidation of proteins in the brain is an important part of the degenerative processes. It is also thought that another neurodegenerative disorder ‘Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis’ (FALS) shares a similar pathology. Reducing the availability of ROS has the potential to slow this process by slowing the rate of which proteins are damaged.
About Reactive Oxygen Species
Reactive oxygen species are molecules produced by the body which can be damaging to your cells if present in high numbers.
Potentially damaging to DNA, they react with proteins making them unsuitable for reactions in the body and disrupting normal metabolism.
The body luckily has an enzyme that breaks down these ROS and keeps them in check.
However, despite the problems these ROS cause they are useful as your body’s immune system uses them to kill any foreign microbes in the blood.
This is true in an ideal environment however the stresses of everyday life can take their toll and cause an over production of ROS.
Nutrivtality Immune Support, Boost and ClearVision all contain this vital vitamin.